Under tax reform, individuals who itemize should be aware that deductions they may have previously counted on to reduce their taxable income have disappeared in 2018. Here are five of them.
1. Moving Expenses
For tax years 2018 through 2025, moving expenses are no longer deductible unless you are a member of the Armed Forces on active duty who moves because of a military order. Prior to tax reform (i.e., for tax years starting before January 1, 2018), taxpayers could deduct expenses related to moving for a job as long as the move met certain IRS criteria.
2. Unreimbursed Job Expenses
For tax years starting in 2018 and expiring at the end of 2025, miscellaneous unreimbursed job-related expenses that exceed 2% of adjusted gross income (AGI) are no longer deductible on Schedule A of Form 1040. Examples of unreimbursed job-related expenses include union dues, continuing education, employer-required medical tests, regulatory and license fees (provided the employee was not reimbursed), and out-of-pocket expenses paid by an employee for uniforms, tools, and supplies.
3. Tax Preparation Fees
Tax preparation fees, which fall under miscellaneous fees on Schedule A of Form 1040 and are also subject to the 2% floor, have been eliminated for tax years 2018 through 2025. Tax preparation fees include payments to accountants, tax prep firms, as well as the cost of tax preparation software.
4. Personal Exemptions
Repealed for tax years 2018 through 2025, the personal exemption enabled individual taxpayers to reduce taxable income by $4,050 (in 2017). Each household dependent was entitled to the deduction as well. While the standard deduction did increase significantly ($12,000 for individuals, $24,000 for married taxpayers filing jointly, $18,000 for heads of household), some taxpayers may still lose out.
5. Subsidized Parking and Transit Reimbursements for Employers
Before tax reform, employees could take advantage of a perk offered by many employers whereby parking and transit pass costs (up to $255 per month) were reimbursed by their employers tax-free (i.e., not included in the employee’s taxable income). These amounts were deductible to companies on their tax returns; however, for tax years 2018 through 2025, the deduction is no longer available leading to the possibility that some employers to stop reimbursing their employees for parking and transit costs.
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